Tutorials Hut

Tutorials Hut

  • Testing Foundation

      Basics of Software Testing
       What is Software Testing?
       Objective of Testing
       Why is testing necessary?
       Common Terms used in Testing
       Verification Vs Validations
       QA Vs QC
       Debugging Vs Testing
       Seven Testing Principles
       SDLC Vs STLC
       Fundamentals of Test Process
       Software quality Factors
       Software Development Models
       Waterfall Model
       V models
       Iterative Model
       Test Levels
       Component Testing
       Integration Testing
       System Testing
       Acceptance Testing
       Strategies for Integration Testing
       Big Bang
       Stubs and Driver
       Top Down Testing
       Bottom Up Testing
       Test Types
       Functional Testing
       Non- Functional Testing
       Structural Testing
       Re-testing & Regression Testing
       Static AND Dynamic Techniques
       Static Technique
       Dynamic Technique
       Static Analysis by Tools
       White Box Techniques
       Statement Coverage Testing
       Branch Coverage Testing
       Decision Coverage Testing
       Path Coverage
       Black Box Techniques
       Equivalence Partitioning
       Boundary Value Analysis
       Decision Table testing
       State Transition testing
       Experience Based TestingTechniques
       Random Testing
       Exploratory Testing
       Error Guessing
       Functional Testing
       Integration Testing
       Unit Testing
       System Testing
       Smoke testing
       Sanity testing
       Regression Testing
       Usability Testing
       Security Testing
       User Acceptance Testing
       White Box & Black Box Testing
       Globalization & Localization Testing
       Non Functional Testing
       Compatibility testing
       Endurance testing
       Load testing
       Performance testing
       Recovery testing
       Scalability testing
       Stress testing
       Volume testing
       Test Planning and Estimation
       Test Planning
       Test Strategies Vs Test Plan
       Test Approaches
       Risk and Testing
       Product Risks
       Project Risks
       Defect Management
       Defect LifeCycle
       Severity Vs Priority



  • Software Testing :Definition ,Objective ,Types & Benefits

    This article will present you with a complete idea about Software testing definition, objective of Testing, Types ,Benefits etc.

    We will learn below topics in this article

    What is Software Testing?

    Software quality Assurance (testing) is the process to find errors /faults in a software application with the aim to deliver a quality product to the customer.Testing makes software predictable in nature.
    Description: Process of verifying a system with the purpose of identifying any errors, gaps or missing requirements versus the actual requirement.

    Software testing is broadly categorised into two types:

    A software test process consists of the activities listed below:

      1. Planning and control
      2. Analysis and design
      3. Implementation and execution
      4. Meeting exit criteria
      5. Test closure activities

    Software quality Assurance/Testing Role:

      • Testing of systems and documentation help reduce the risk – if defects are found and corrected before the system is released for operational use.
      • To understand defect cycle and various phase of defect life cycle refer : Defect life cycle.
      • Testing may be required to suffice contractual, legal or industry-specific standards.
      • Testing can increase confidence in the software quality.

    Basics of Software Testing

    Software validation is the process to find errors /faults in a software application with the aim to deliver a quality product to the customer.Testing makes software predictable in nature

    Software Testing Functional Testing
    • Consequences of faulty software could be loss of money,time,reputation,injury or loss of Life
    • In order to avoid these Testing in a software application becomes vital.

    Description

    Process of verifying a system with the purpose of identifying any errors, gaps or missing requirements versus the actual requirement. 

    It is broadly categorised into two types – functional testing and non-functional testing.

    When to start test activities?

      • Testing should be started as early as possible to reduce the cost and time to rework.
      • Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC), testing is started from the Requirements Gathering phase and continued till the software is delivered. 
      • Testing initiation is also dependent on the type of Model followed in the project.For example, in the Waterfall model, testing starts from the testing phase which is quite below in the tree, but in the V-model, testing is performed parallel to the development phase.

    When to stop test activities?

    An application can never be 100% bug-free. So to ascertain when one can stop testing is difficult. 

    However, the following things are kept in mind while stopping the test activities:

      • Testing deadlines
      • Completion of test case execution cycle
      • Completion of functional testing and code coverage to an agreed limit
      • No high-priority bug is found and the rate of finding bug declines after a certain level
      • Management decision

    Objective Of Testing

    Software Testing has following objectives:

      • Preventing defects  by verifying requirements are implemented completely and correctly.
      • Testing early in the life cycle by reviewing requirement documents.
    Software Testing terms- Cost of Quality
        • Finding defects. Eg.Integration Testings, System Testing ,Regression Testing to detect defects at all levels.
        • To make software predictable in nature. Eg.: software is behaving as per requirements
        • To reduce cost of overall software development process. Eg.: Testing the software relatively early in the life cycle reduces the cost of development 
        • Retention of customers by gaining confidence about the level of quality. Eg. Acceptance Testing
        • Providing information for decision-making. Eg. providing reports to help take decisions based on all metrics, Information on risk of releasing for decision making

    To ensure software is delivered without defects which could affect customers reputation and everyday operations can be achieved by Testing.

    Why is testing necessary?

    Software System 

    Software applications and systems are a vital part of daily life.

    Includes:

      • Critical application : eg: Hospital machinery( eg: ventilators etc.)
      • Business application: eg.:Airways, factory machines etc.)
      • Daily User applications: eg.: Washing machine, televisions etc.

    Such massive use of applications implies if software is faulty and does not work as required it may lead to  :

      • Loss of  Money . Example : A company loses contract because an advertised business logo didn’t display correctly
      • Loss of Time . Example : delay is response from eCommerce site
      • Loss of Business Reputation. Example : A company image  spoils by delivering products to wrong address as database does not stores the information correctly
      • Injury or loss of Life .Example : Malfunction of switching in a railway line caused trains to collide
    Why Is testing Necessary

    Causes of Software Defects:

    Humans make errors which produce defects and this faulty software when executed might lead to failure.

    Common reasons for defects:

      • Improper documentation
      • Time pressure
      • Complexity – code, infrastructure
      • Changing technologies
      • Lack of domain knowledge
      • Programming language efficiency

    Software Quality Assurance Role:

      • Testing of systems and documentation help reduce the risk – if defects are found and corrected before the system is released for operational use.
      • Testing may be required to suffice contractual, legal or industry-specific standards
      • Testing can increase confidence in the software quality.
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