Software development life cycle models (SDLC models)
- Software company adopts the best-suited software development life cycle models, which suits the team members and the software product
- SDLC models specify the various stages of the process and the order in which they are carried out.
- Different software life cycle models models need different approaches to test the Product.
- Each development activity should have a corresponding test activity.
- Any software development process is divided into several logical stages that allow a software development company to organize its work efficiently in order to build a required software product within a specific time frame and budget.
There are various Software development life cycle models (SDLC models) as follows:
- SDLC Waterfall Model is a traditional model and It is also referred as a linear-sequential life cycle model.
- It is a sequential design process, often used in SDLC, in which the progress is seen as flowing steadily downwards (like a waterfall), through the different phases.
- At the end of each phase, a review takes place to determine if the project is on the right path.
- V Model can also be called as Sequential Development Model .
- V – Model came up in order to overcome the drawback of waterfall Model .
- In V-Model process executes in a sequential manner in V-shape.
- V – Model is based on the association of a testing phase for each corresponding development stage.
- The process of defining requirements, designing, building and testing a system, completed as a series of shorter development cycles.
- Software development process where requirements are divided into several stand-alone software development modules.
The Spiral Model includes iterative and prototype approach.
Spiral Model has four phases:
- Risk Analysis
- In Agile, a product is broken into small incremental builds.
- Agile model quickly delivers a working product and is considered a very realistic development approach
- The model produces ongoing releases, each with small, incremental changes from the previous release.
- At each iteration, the product is tested.
Big Bang Model
- Big Bang model follows no specific process, and very little time is spent on planning.
- This is one of the SDLC methodologies typically used for small projects with only one or two software engineers.
- Big Bang is not recommended for large or complex projects, as it’s a high-risk model