Tutorials Hut

Tutorials Hut

  • Testing Foundation

      Basics of Software Testing
       What is Software Testing?
       Objective of Testing
       Why is testing necessary?
       Common Terms used in Testing
       Verification Vs Validations
       QA Vs QC
       Debugging Vs Testing
       Seven Testing Principles
       SDLC Vs STLC
       Fundamentals of Test Process
       Software quality Factors
       Software Development Models
       Waterfall Model
       V models
       Iterative Model
       Test Levels
       Component Testing
       Integration Testing
       System Testing
       Acceptance Testing
       Strategies for Integration Testing
       Big Bang
       Stubs and Driver
       Top Down Testing
       Bottom Up Testing
       Test Types
       Functional Testing
       Non- Functional Testing
       Structural Testing
       Re-testing & Regression Testing
       Static AND Dynamic Techniques
       Static Technique
       Dynamic Technique
       Static Analysis by Tools
       White Box Techniques
       Statement Coverage Testing
       Branch Coverage Testing
       Decision Coverage Testing
       Path Coverage
       Black Box Techniques
       Equivalence Partitioning
       Boundary Value Analysis
       Decision Table testing
       State Transition testing
       Experience Based TestingTechniques
       Random Testing
       Exploratory Testing
       Error Guessing
       Functional Testing
       Integration Testing
       Unit Testing
       System Testing
       Smoke testing
       Sanity testing
       Regression Testing
       Usability Testing
       Security Testing
       User Acceptance Testing
       White Box & Black Box Testing
       Globalization & Localization Testing
       Non Functional Testing
       Compatibility testing
       Endurance testing
       Load testing
       Performance testing
       Recovery testing
       Scalability testing
       Stress testing
       Volume testing
       Test Planning and Estimation
       Test Planning
       Test Strategies Vs Test Plan
       Test Approaches
       Risk and Testing
       Product Risks
       Project Risks
       Defect Management
       Defect LifeCycle
       Severity Vs Priority



  • Defect Life Cycle or Bug Life Cycle in Software Testing

    Defect Life Cycle or Bug  life cycle may vary from company to company depending on factors like policy, software developmental model (e.g., Agile, Waterfall, etc.), and project timeline.

    What is Defect/Bug?

      • A bug is an error or defect in software or hardware that causes a program to malfunction.This is one of the common and useful term in Software Testing Terminologies.
      • The variation between the actual results and expected results is known as defect.
    Defect Life Cycle or Bug life cycle

    Bug or defect life cycle includes following steps or status:

        • Open/New: When a defect is logged and posted for the first time, its state is set as new /open
        • Assigned: the defect is assigned to a person who is tasked with its analysis or resolution.
        • Duplicate: If the defect is repeated twice or if the defect corresponds to the same concept as the bug, the status is changed to “duplicate.”
        • Rejected: If the defect is invalid because of various other reasons like false positives it is dropped / rejected.
        • Deferred: If the defect is not of a high priority and is expected to get fixed in the next release, then the defect is deferred.
        • Not a Bug: This state is assigned to defects that were misclassified as defects and did not affect the functionality of the software.
        • Fixed/Resolved: After the developers complete the necessary code changes, the defect’s state is set to “fixed”.
        • Retest: At this stage, the testing team retests the code given to them by the developers.
        • Reopened: If the bug still exists, its state is set back to Open and the lifecycle restarts.
        • Verified: If the developers have successfully fixed the bug, the testing team sets its status to verified.
        • Closed: Once the bug has been verified as fixed, the testing team closes the issue.

    Defect Data

      • Type of Testing
      • Description of Defect
      • Life Cycle Phase
      • Severity
      • Priority
      • Type of Defect
      • Owner
      • Work product where Defect occurred
      • Risk, loss, opportunity, and benefits associated with fixing or not fixing the defect
      • The description of how the defect was resolved and recommendations for testing
      • Problem Summary
      • Steps to Reproduce
      • Work product where Defect was introduced
      • Subsystem or Component where the Defect is introduced
      • Identification Method
      • Project and Product in which problem exists
      • The current State of Report
      • Impact on Project
      • Dates when various defect lifecycle phases occur
      • References

    Defect Report contains below fields data

      • Defect ID
      • Feature Name
      • The severity of the defect
      • Name of the Tester assigned to the defect
      • Build Version in which the defect was found
      • Description of the defect
      • Test Case Name
      • Status in which the defect is currently
      • The priority of the defect
      • Date of testing the defect
      • Name of the Developer who has been assigned to remove the defect
      • Environment Name
      • Screenshots of the defect
      • Defect creation date
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