Tutorials Hut

  • Selenium WebDriver

       Selenium Introduction
       Benefits of Selenium
       Four components of Selenium
       Difference b/w Selenium IDE, RC & WebDriver
       Selenium WebDriver Architecture
       Background when user execute selenium code
       Download and Install Java
       Download and Install Eclipse
       Download Selenium WebDriver
       Selenium WebDriver Locators
       Selenium - Launch Browser
       Selenium WebDriver Waits
       Selenium- Implicit wait
       Selenium- Explicit wait
       Selenium- Fluent wait
       Selenium- Commonly used commands
       Selenium- findElement & findElements
       Selenium- Selenium-Handling check Box
       Selenium- Handling Radio button
       Selenium- Handling drop down
       Selenium- Take Screenshot
       Selenium- Handle Web Alerts
       Selenium- Multiple Windows Handling
       Selenium- Handle iframes
       Selenium- Upload a file
       Selenium- Download a file
       Selenium- Actions Class Utilities
       Selenium- Mouse Actions
       Selenium- Keyboards Events
       Selenium- Handle mouse hover Actions
       Selenium- Drag and Drop
       Selenium- Scroll a WebPage
       Selenium- Context Click / Right Click
       Selenium- Double Click
       Selenium- Desired Capabilities
       Selenium- Assertions
       Selenium- Exceptions and Exception Handling
       Selenium- Difference b/w driver.close() & driver.quit()
       Selenium- difference b/w driver.get() & driver.navigate()
       Selenium- JavascriptExecutor
       Selenium- Read excel file using Fillo API
       Selenium- Database Testing using Selenium
       Selenium- Read & write excel file using Apache POI
       Selenium- Read and Write csv file in Selenium
       Selenium- Dynamic Web Table Handling
       Selenium- Maven Integration with Selenium
       Selenium- Set up Logging using Log4j
       Selenium-Implement Extent Report



  • How to Handle iframes using Selenium WebDriver ?

    This article will present you with a complete idea about handle iframes using Selenium WebDriver. iFrame in Selenium Webdriver is a web page or an inline frame ,which is embedded in another web page or an HTML document .

    We will learn below topics in this article

    What is an iframe?

      • The <iframe> tag defines an inline frame.
      • So An inline frame is used to embed another html document within the current HTML document.
      • An iframe tag is defined <iframe></iframe> tags. 

    Below is the example which shows two inline frame/ document within the current page.

    <html>
    <body>
    <h1>iframe Example</h1>
    <iframe src="https://tutorialshut.com/" width="100%" height="300">
    </iframe>
    <iframe src="https://tutorialshut.com/" width="100%" height="300">
    </iframe>
    </body>
    </html>
    What is an iframe- Selenium

    How to Identify a Frame on a Page?

    Right-click on the element and If you find an option like This Frame, view Frame source then it shows the page includes frames below is the example-

    How to Identify a Frame on a Page - Selenium

    Second method to find the iframe is , Right-click on the page and click on View Page Source ,Search ‘iframe’ tag and if it is mound , means the page has iframes.

    How to find total number of iFrames on a webpage?

    Below are few approaches used to find iframes on a web page

    1)Using tag name

    List  framesList =driver.findElements(By.tagName("iframe")).size()
    int numOfFrames = framesList.size();

    2) using xpath

    List  framesList = driver.findElements(By.xpath("//iframe"));
    int numOfFrames = frameList.size();

    How to switch to Frames by Index?

    Lets say A webpage consists 2 iframes then index will start from 0 and then 1 respectively.

    so first iframe has index 0 and second iframe has 1

    Syntax – 

    driver.switchTo().frame(int index);

    Below example shows how to switch to first iframe

    public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "D:\\Drivers\\chromedriver.exe");
    driver = new ChromeDriver();
    
    driver.get("URL which has iframe");
    //Switch to first iframe using index
    driver.switchTo().frame(0);
    driver.close();
    }
    
    

    How to switch to Frames by Name

    if  you look at the html code for iFrame in the web page then sometimes  you can find the name attribute. We can switch to that iFrame using the name. Below is the syntax for this.

    Syntax:

    driver.switchTo().frame(“framename”); 

    Example-

    public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "D:\\Drivers\\chromedriver.exe");
    driver = new ChromeDriver();
    
    driver.get("URL which has iframe");
    //Switch to first iframe using name
    driver.switchTo().frame(“name attribute of iframe”);
    driver.close();
    }
    
    

    How to switch to Frame by ID

    IF iframe consist  Id attribute by looking at the html of Iframe then We can switch to that iFrame using the id .Below is the syntax for this.

    Syntax:

    driver.switchTo().frame(“id”);

    Example:

    public static void main(String[] args) {
    
    System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "D:\\Drivers\\chromedriver.exe");
    
    driver = new ChromeDriver();
    
    driver.get("URL which has iframe");
    
    //Switch to first iframe using ID
    
    driver.switchTo().frame(“id attribute of iframe”);
    
    driver.close();
    
    }
    

    How to switch to Frame by WebElement

    We can switch to an iframe by finding an element using any of the locator strategies and then passing it to the switchTo command.

    Syntax:

    driver.switchTo().frame(“webElement”); 

    Example:

    public static void main(String[] args) {
    
    System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "D:\\Drivers\\chromedriver.exe");
    
    driver = new ChromeDriver();
    
    driver.get("URL which has iframe");
    
    //Switch to first iframe using WebElement
    
    driver.switchTo().frame(“iframe webElement”);
    
    driver.close();
    
    }
    

    How to switch Back to Main Frame

    Suppose a main web page consists of two iframes and we have switched into one of the inner iframes .

    Now if we want to switch back to main web page or parent page then we can switch to main page using below command

    Syntax- 

    driver.switchTo().defaultContent().
                   OR
    driver.switchTo().parentFrame():
    iFrame Example- code-Selenium

    SCENARIO

    Let’s consider a web page which has two iframes , one is the outer iframe and other iframe is inside the outer frame.

      1. Open chrome browser
      2. Navigate to URL containing iframes
      3. Find total number of frames in the web page
      4. Switching the Outer Frame and print the text inside outer frame
      5. Find and print the total number of frames inside outer frame
      6. Switch to inner frame and print the text inside outer frame
      7. Switch back to the outer frame
      8. Close the browser

    Code implementation

    package com.test;
    
    import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
    import org.openqa.selenium.By;
    import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
    import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
    
    public class HandleFrames {
    
    	public static WebDriver driver;
    
    	public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
    
    		// Create a new instance of the Chrome driver
    
    		System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "D:\\Drivers\\chromedriver.exe");
    		driver = new ChromeDriver();
    
    		driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    
    		// Launch the URL
    		driver.get("URL containing iframes");
    
    		driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(2, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    
    		int size = driver.findElements(By.tagName("iframe")).size();
    		
                                // prints the total number of frames in the web page
    		System.out.println("Total no of Frames --" + size);
    
    		// Switching the Outer Frame
    		driver.switchTo().frame(0); 
    		
    		// Printing the text in outer frame
    		System.out.println(driver.findElement(By.xpath("xpath of the outer element ")).getText());
    
    		// prints the total number of frames inside outer frame
    		size = driver.findElements(By.tagName("iframe")).size();
    		System.out.println("Total Frames --" + size);
    		
    		driver.switchTo().frame(0); // Switching to inner frame
    		// Printing the text in inner frame
    		System.out.println(driver.findElement(By.xpath("xpath of the inner element ")).getText());
    
    		driver.switchTo().defaultContent();
                                 driver.close();
    
    	}
    }
    
    



  • Selenium WebDriver Tutorials

       Selenium Introduction
       Benefits of Selenium
       Four components of Selenium
       Difference b/w Selenium IDE, RC & WebDriver
       Selenium WebDriver Architecture
       Background when user execute selenium code
       Download and Install Java
       Download and Install Eclipse
       Download Selenium WebDriver
       Selenium WebDriver Locators
       Selenium - Launch Browser
       Selenium WebDriver Waits
       Selenium- Implicit wait
       Selenium- Explicit wait
       Selenium- Fluent wait
       Selenium- Commonly used commands
       Selenium- findElement & findElements
       Selenium- Selenium-Handling check Box
       Selenium- Handling Radio button
       Selenium- Handling drop down
       Selenium- Take Screenshot
       Selenium- Handle Web Alerts
       Selenium- Multiple Windows Handling
       Selenium- Handle iframes
       Selenium- Upload a file
       Selenium- Download a file
       Selenium- Actions Class Utilities
       Selenium- Mouse Actions
       Selenium- Keyboards Events
       Selenium- Handle mouse hover Actions
       Selenium- Drag and Drop
       Selenium- Scroll a WebPage
       Selenium- Context Click / Right Click
       Selenium- Double Click
       Selenium- Desired Capabilities
       Selenium- Assertions
       Selenium- Exceptions and Exception Handling
       Selenium- Difference b/w driver.close() & driver.quit()
       Selenium- difference b/w driver.get() & driver.navigate()
       Selenium- JavascriptExecutor
       Selenium- Read excel file using Fillo API
       Selenium- Database Testing using Selenium
       Selenium- Read & write excel file using Apache POI
       Selenium- Read and Write csv file in Selenium
       Selenium- Dynamic Web Table Handling
       Selenium- Maven Integration with Selenium
       Selenium- Set up Logging using Log4j
       Selenium-Implement Extent Report

















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